“Leishmania” infection or “Aleppo boil” has spread recently among so many areas in Syria, and it has been noticed that number of cases has increases significantly in (Armanaz) and the general northern Idleb countryside. All of this was attributed to the lack of sewage systems, and the non-removal of waste on a daily basis, as well as the spread of contaminated water swamps close to residential areas, and all of that might foreshadow a future health disaster.
Orient for Human Relief opened a specialized center to treat Leishmaniasis in October 2015 in Armanaz city. The center was provided with specialized dermatologists, and an adequate quantity of medications and injections, in addition to a periodic follow up visits for each patient, that ranges from two month to a year, depending on the severity of the case.
The Causes and Symptoms of the Disease
The symptoms of Leishmaniasis first starts as red dots on patient’s skin, that turns into a red boil, and then into a small knot. The infection is not painful, and it is usually covered with a skin crust that might ulcer and get inflamed, which will result in a deformed scar, if not treated early.
Leishmaniasis Prevention Methods
- Elimination sand flies that carry the disease by using pesticides available, especially in places of reproduction.
- Improving the sewer systems, and filling swamps and marshes, and cleaning waste.
- Avoid the exposure to those insects by living away from them, or wearing thick clothing.
- Using mosquito nets during sleeping, or photovoltaic devises that electrify insects and kill them.
- insects repellants can be applied directly on the skin or clothing.
Armanaz Health Center Coordinator
Orient center has recorded the increased number of infected cases, which reached more than /230/ new cases monthly in the summer of 2018, in addition to the regular follow up cases which ranges between 800 tp 9—case, where each patient is assigned at least one or two visits a month at the center.